Сauses of Low Testosterone in Males and Females
Determining the causes of low testosterone in men and women takes knowledge and proper testing. Not only does the doctor need to be a specialist in hormones and hormone replacement therapy, but he or she needs the knowledge that comes from the client providing a complete and comprehensive medical background to ensure that the proper issue is isolated and corrected.
Doctors typically categorize low testosterone causes as either primary – stemming from a problem in the testicles or ovaries, or secondary – problems associated with the pituitary gland or hypothalamus. The pituitary gland secretes FSH – follicle-stimulating hormone, and LH – luteinizing hormone that tell the testes to produce sperm. The hypothalamus produces GRH – gonadotropin-releasing hormone that is the stimulus for the pituitary gland.
Adrenal gland concerns can also be considered causes of Low T since both males and females alike produce some testosterone in this way.
For many adults who consider themselves to be on the healthy side – with the exception of their symptoms associated with Low T, the natural aging process is most likely the cause of a decline in testosterone production. Age tends to reduce levels of some crucial hormones, and blood analysis is used to determine what is occurring in the body so that the HRT specialist can provide proper treatment to counteract any deficiency. All of this will be covered in the following two sections.
Causes of Low Testosterone in Adult
There is a natural and gradual decline of testosterone production that begins to occur when males are in their early thirties. The causes of low testosterone levels and the issues that arise are not considered as dramatic as when women lose testosterone and estrogen during menopause and their estrogen levels become zero. Men never see their testosterone levels dip that low. Unfortunately, that does not mean that a deficiency will not occur. Nor does it mean that there is nothing of concern to worry about. Issues behind the symptoms associated with Low T can sometimes be more worrisome than the decline in testosterone itself.
One big difference here is that the change in men is gradual – often happening over many years or decades. Women enter menopause rather rapidly, and their symptoms typically come on very fast.
What are the causes of low testosterone in adults? Are they gender specific? The answer is that some of the reasons why testosterone levels decline are based on gender alone – as in problems with the ovaries or testicles.
Here are variables that can be the cause of low testosterone in women or men:
- Ovarian Cancer (women)
- Oophorectomy (women)
- Menopause (women)
- Andropause (men)
- Infections (such as mumps) (men)
- Injury to the testicles (men)
- Testicular cancer or treatment for testicular cancer (men)
- Autoimmune diseases
- Heart failure or cardiac disease
- Chronic kidney or liver disease
- Chronic obstructive lung (pulmonary) disease
- Genetic causes
- Type 2 diabetes
- Inflammatory diseases
- Metabolic disorders
- Prolactinoma (prolactin-secreting tumor) in the pituitary gland
- Natural effects of aging
- Unknown variables
Causes of Low Testosterone in Younger Men
Younger men are more likely to experience Low T in direct correlation to other problems occurring in their bodies due to illness or injury, as shown here:
- Type 2 diabetes
- COPD and other lung diseases
- Pituitary gland disorders or tumors
- Chronic kidney or liver disease
- Genetic issues such as Kallmann syndrome, Klinefelter syndrome, Myotonic dystrophy, or Prader-Willi syndrome
- Radiation or chemotherapy for cancer
- Hemochromatosis – the body stores too much iron
- Steroid use
- Trauma to the testicles
- Testicular tumor
The most common causes of low testosterone in women are menopause and oophorectomy – the surgical removal of ovaries in response to either ovarian cancer or in addition to a hysterectomy. When the ovaries are removed surgically, rapid onset of testosterone decline can occur, creating severe menopausal symptoms. The natural process of testosterone conversion into estrogen that occurs in the body may account for part of this issue.
Low Testosterone Treatment with National HRT
Now that we know the causes of low testosterone in males and females, it is time to turn the focus over to how to treat this deficiency. Just as some of the ways in which a person can get Low T are different, the methods of treating this decline are also varied.
The treatment of low testosterone in women is typically accomplished with a compounded cream. In this manner, the doctor can provide the pharmacy with the exact dosage and strength that is needed by the woman to raise her testosterone level up to its ideal state.
Although we have examined the causes of low testosterone in men, it is essential to point out that treatment will be based on whether the issues are stemming from Low T due to natural aging or whether there is an underlying medical concern that must first be addressed. If needed, a man may be referred out to a different specialist if a problem has been isolated. If not, the HRT specialist will develop an appropriate plan of action to help raise testosterone levels safely.
For most men, the best treatment of Low T is done with testosterone injections. Not only is this considered to be the most effective method of treatment, but it is also the most affordable. On occasion, a man may request patches, gels, or even the transbuccal method of putting a pill next to the gum, but there are concerns and issues with some of these methods. Oral (swallowing a pill) testosterone is never prescribed as it can cause severe liver toxicity.
To learn more about and discuss personal options of treatment for low testosterone, to ask questions about hormone replacement therapy, or to schedule blood testing at a local laboratory, contact the medical specialists at National HRT for a free of charge consultation.